Ricardo Bofill: La Muralla Roja, La Fabrica & Others

If you have ever scrolled your Instagram feed and saw a bright pink architectural building, you might have also wondered what on earth is this. With a total of 4k+ (and counting) Instagram posts, La Muralla Roja by Ricardo Bofill has definitely become one of the most shot locations in Europe. 

About Ricardo Bofill

Ricardo Bofill Leví, originally Catalan, has become one of the highest personalities within the industry of architecture in the past few decades, thanks to stunning works of the likes of Fabrica, Université Mohammed and the House of Hungarian Music. Having started as young as 17 with his first architecture project, a summer house in Ibiza, Bofill has led Ricardo Bofill Taller de Arquitectura for over 50 years now, with 1000+ projects to date in over 50 countries.

La Muralla Roja


Namely, "The Red Wall", La Muralla Roja is a monumental housing project built in the heart of Spain's Calpe.

[...] It embodies a clear reference to the popular architecture of the Arab Mediterranean, in particular to the adobe towers of North Africa. The Red Wall is like a fortress which marks a vertical silhouette following the contour lines of the rocky cliff.

With this building, RBTA wanted to break the post-Renaissance division between public and private spaces reinterpreting the Mediterranean tradition of the Kasbah.
— Ricardo Bofill

The particular geometry of the project resembles the one of a constructivist aesthetic, creating an ensemble of interconnected patios which provide access to the 50 apartments. The intentional choice of colours is set to either contrast the surrounding nature or blend with its purity. Where the pink "pops" out of the rocky cliffs, the blue gets lost within the sky above. 


Home is where Fabrica is

One cannot miss one of the most stunning projects by Bofill: la Fabrica. A 3100 m2 cement factory located near the surroundings of Barcelona, Spain, serves as unique home and studio to the Catalan architect. First built in the post world war I era, the factory was a architectural labyrinth of various styles, from Brutalism to Surrealism with an industrial flavour. 


Bofill process in renovating the space consisted of various steps: first, the demolition of infrastructures that did not complement its function or were defined as eccessive. Secondly, the implantation of multiple gardens, an ever-living flora that would surround the space in an Organic Architecture way. 

[...] la fabrica became a convergence of equal parts industrial vernacular, garden, and updated use so that none one of the three elements takes particular dominance over the other and yet provides enough conceptual distance so as to allow each element to stand alone.
— Design Boom